Presentation

Title: Greek adolescents’ conceptions of ingroup transactions

Presenter: Maria Pirounaki-Lioni

The aim of the project has been to define the present Greek “ingroup” as it exists in the minds of fifteen-year adolescents, operationalized in terms of members and of the transactions reflecting functions of social support, sharing and social control. The project examines the frequency and structure of these conceptions and compares them across three milieux. These conceptions were measured through two new techniques devised in Pilot studies. The main concept “ingroup” was traced in the Greek and Aglophone literatures, thus placing the theoretical perspective of its equivalent Anglophone concept “social network”. A contemporary concept of the “Greek ingroup” emerged, common in the three milieux; consisting of close relatives and friends, that is parents, siblings, cousins, peer and adult friends, and grand parents. Kinship and selection have been two essential elements of the Greek “ingroup” found as well in the present conceptual ingroup of adolescents. The role of “cousin” emerged especially strongly, as a link between traditional and contemporary elements. The findings seem to reflect the transmutation of the traditional, collectively – defined ingroup, into an individually – defined ingroup that maintains many traditional functions thus suggesting a synthesis of traditional and contemporary trends, manifested differently in each milieu.